Posts Tagged ‘philosophy’

Book Review: He, She and It by Marge Piercy

February 19, 2017 2 comments

Book Review: He, She and It by Marge PiercySummary:
In the middle of the twenty-first century, life as we know it has changed for all time. Shira Shipman’s marriage has broken up, and her young son has been taken from her by the corporation that runs her zone, so she has returned to Tikva, the Jewish free town where she grew up. There, she is welcomed by Malkah, the brilliant grandmother who raised her, and meets an extraordinary man who is not a man at all, but a unique cyborg implanted with intelligence, emotions–and the ability to kill….

I picked this up because of how incredibly moved I was by Woman on the Edge of Time (review) by the same author. While I found this interesting and unique, it didn’t move me in quite the same way. I imagine it would probably move a reader more if they are Jewish or a mother.

The book is richly steeped in Jewish culture and history. All of Earth is either a slum or run by corporations in basically corporate states except for a few free towns which manage to exist due to their value in trade. Tikva is one of these, and it’s made clear this is partially so because the founders were concerned about maintaining Jewish culture in a world being overcome by just a few corporations. The corporation Shira works at before returning to Tikva judges her in her performance reviews for staying too attached to her home culture, including things like naming her son a traditionally Jewish name. So there is this very interesting thread about how minority cultures can maintain themselves in the face of economic threat and assimilation. When Shira gets a divorce, the corporation grants majority custody to her ex-husband and ultimately essentially full custody when he is sent to work off-world. Overcome with grief, Shira moves home to Tikva. Here we learn that Shira’s grandmother Malkah raised her and see how differently her own mother approaches motherhood than Shira does. This is one of the key threads of the book.

The other key thread is personhood and what makes us human. One of the residents of Tikva has succeeded in making an illegal cyborg. There are periodic chapters where Malkah is telling him the story of the Jewish myth of the Golem (a human-like beast made of clay to protect the Jewish people from persecution. More info). Very clear lines are drawn between the golem and the modern-day cyborg, who was made to protect Tikva and keep it free. Of course people start to have mixed feelings about the cyborg and asking not just what makes him human but also if he can be Jewish? (He himself identifies as Jewish and attends synagogue). I particularly enjoyed that Malkah isn’t just the story teller to the cyborb but she’s also one of the most important and most intelligent programmers in Tikva. The programmers essentially are what keep Tikva free, and an elderly woman is one of the most important ones.

Even though it’s a topic I’ve read a lot in scifi, I always enjoy the exploration of what makes us human and at what point does intelligent technology gain personhood, and the way it was explored here was different from what I’ve seen elsewhere. In particular, I thought the not just female but female Jewish lens was new and great. But I will admit that I had trouble relating to Shira and her struggle with motherhood and types of motherhood. I think motherhood can sometimes be overly thought about and held up on a pedestal in our culture and in feminism too. While mothers who choose to mother differently are acknowledged in the book, women who choose not to mother are not. It’s as if mothering is a natural part of womanhood, and that was not something I felt I could connect to in the book.

Overall, though, this was a wonderfully different take on the scifi exploration of cyborgs and artificial intelligence. Recommended to scifi readers, but particularly to those seeking a Jewish lens or an exploration of motherhood in addition to cyborgs.

4 out of 5 stars

Source: Paperbackswap

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The Cycles of Life

March 18, 2009 4 comments

My friend sighed and rubbed her forehead with her hand, “Man, I just don’t get it.  Yesterday was so awesome, and today sucked soooo much.”
I made a noncommittal noise and replied, “That’s the cycle of life.  Nothing is ever permanent.  Your life can’t be happy all the time.”

That’s when I realized that I have come to accept the concept of life cycles as truth.

It’s an idea that (from what I’ve read) is largely pagan and to a certain extent Buddhist.  If you observe the natural world, everything goes through a cycle of birth, death, and rebirth.  This goes to show that the ultimate state of life is not some perfect stasis like heaven, but in fact is impermanence.

I find this whole idea incredibly comforting on two levels.

First, when life is sucking you know it’s not going to suck forever.  Think of it as the inverse of the theory of gravity:  what goes down has got to go back up at some point.  Everybody has experienced happiness at some point in their life.  It will come back around again.

Second, I have the tendency to want to clasp onto whatever I desire when I have finally acquired it so firmly that I manage to choke the life out of it and myself.  For instance, when I’m in a relationship, I’m so panicked about keeping it that I miss enjoying it and wind up losing it.  (For the record, I think I’m improving on this one).  Similarly, when I’m living someplace I enjoy, I never want to move or for it to end.  But everything must come to an end at some point.  We just don’t know when that will happen.  Even relationships that “last forever” end when one of the partners dies.

Accepting the impermanence of everything in life therefore brings about peace of mind.  We aren’t blind-sided when things change.  We were expecting it to happen since that is the true nature of life.  What is really relevant in life is not maintaining some sort of stasis that we think will make us happy.  Instead it is seeking in every situation to learn what the Universe is trying to teach us.

After all, in actuality, life is simply an ever-changing classroom.